Biodiversity at Celsia
What is biodiversity?
According to the International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), biodiversity refers to the wide variety of living organisms on Earth. It comprises the entire organizational structure of living systems from genes to individuals, species, populations, communities and ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic.
What are ecosystem services?
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment defines "ecosystem services" as the benefits that people obtain from ecosystems. These benefits may be twofold: direct and indirect. Ecosystems also provide non-material benefits, such as aesthetic, spiritual and cultural values or recreational opportunities.
Celsia’s power plants are generally located in areas with high levels of anthropic intervention in the departments of Valle del Cauca, Cauca, Tolima, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar and Santander. However, the biodiversity characterized in the various areas of influence is high, since Colombia is a country with great biodiversity at a global level. The Alto and Bajo Anchicayá hydroelectric power plants are located in the Farallones de Cali National Natural Park which was declared a park after the building of these hydroelectric power plants.
Celsia performed baseline studies on flora, fauna and hydrobiological resources at all plants in operation and on projects undergoing feasibility studies. Based on the characterization results, management plans were prepared for flora, fauna and hydrobiological resources, and were submitted for approval by the relevant environmental authorities. For example, a characterization study of vascular and non-vascular epiphytes was carried out at the San Andrés Hydroelectric Plant Project (PHSA, for the Spanish original), which has a 20 MW capacity, given that these species have a strong conservation value. Through the study, a total of 163 species were discovered, of which 41 were orchids. The management measures included relocating at least 20% of the 55,357 vascular epiphyte plant specimens, and 3,758.54 m2 of non-vascular epiphyte plants in the area of direct influence.
Benefits of Ecosystem Services
Biodiversity encompasses more than the diversity of animal and plant species, habitats, ecosystems and landscapes, which is why we define it as the biosphere. The biosphere provides the basis for all ecological processes that sustain both life on Earth and the means for human life.
Ecosystem services are the basis on which all life depends, and all human activity represent the benefits that people obtain from the ecosystems. These include the supply of natural resources, the regulation of cycles and cultural services, which can directly affect people, and the basis of the resources required to maintain other services such as electric power generation.
Changes in the ecosystem services can affect the proper performance of activities such as the construction of common benefit works, generating impacts on the security and availability of natural resources necessary for the quality of life and welfare of the communities that benefit directly from these services.
Meet are some of the actions Celsia has taken in Colombia and Central America in terms of biodiversity in the last five years clicking here
Some of the species of fauna and flora in our areas of operation are: