Biodiversity Inventory
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Biodiversity at Celsia

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What is biodiversity?

According to the International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), biodiversity refers to the wide variety of living organisms on Earth. It comprises the entire organizational structure of living systems from genes to individuals, species, populations, communities and ecosystems, both terrestrial and aquatic.

What are ecosystem services?
 
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment defines "ecosystem services" as the benefits that people obtain from ecosystems. These benefits may be twofold: direct and indirect. Ecosystems also provide non-material benefits, such as aesthetic, spiritual and cultural values or recreational opportunities.  
Celsia’s power plants are generally located in areas with high levels of anthropic intervention in the departments of Valle del Cauca, Cauca, Tolima, Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar and Santander.  However, the biodiversity characterized in the various areas of influence is high, since Colombia is a country with great biodiversity at a global level. The Alto and Bajo Anchicayá hydroelectric power plants are located in the Farallones de Cali National Natural Park which was declared a park after the building of these hydroelectric power plants.   

Celsia performed baseline studies on flora, fauna and hydrobiological resources at all plants in operation and on projects undergoing feasibility studies. Based on the characterization results, management plans were prepared for flora, fauna and hydrobiological resources, and were submitted for approval by the relevant environmental authorities. For example, a characterization study of vascular and non-vascular epiphytes was carried out at the San Andrés Hydroelectric Plant Project (PHSA, for the Spanish original), which has a 20 MW capacity, given that these species have a strong conservation value. Through the study, a total of 163 species were discovered, of which 41 were orchids. The management measures included relocating at least 20% of the 55,357 vascular epiphyte plant specimens, and 3,758.54 m2 of non-vascular epiphyte plants in the area of direct influence.

Benefits of Ecosystem Services  

Biodiversity encompasses more than the diversity of animal and plant species, habitats, ecosystems and landscapes, which is why we define it as the biosphere. The biosphere provides the basis for all ecological processes that sustain both life on Earth and the means for human life.
 
Ecosystem services are the basis on which all life depends, and all human activity represent the benefits that people obtain from the ecosystems. These include the supply of natural resources, the regulation of cycles and cultural services, which can directly affect people, and the basis of the resources required to maintain other services such as electric power generation.
 
Changes in the ecosystem services can affect the proper performance of activities such as the construction of common benefit works, generating impacts on the security and availability of natural resources necessary for the quality of life and welfare of the communities that benefit directly from these services.


Meet are some of the actions Celsia has taken in Colombia and Central America in terms of biodiversity in the last five years clicking here

 

 

 

 

Some of the species of fauna and flora in our areas of operation are:

Ocelot cub sighted in the area of influence of the Alto and Bajo Anchicayá hydroelectric power plants (Farallones de Cali National Natural Park, Buenaventura, Colombia).


Tigrillo Anchicaya 1

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Golden poison frog that inhabits the area of influence of the Alto and Bajo Anchicayá hydroelectric power plants (Farallones de Cali National Natural Park, Buenaventura, Colombia).

Phyllobates terribilis _Crédito foto Investigador Adolfo Amézquita (1)636615603707981680

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Andean sabaleta fish present in the rivers of the Alto and Bajo Tuluá hydroelectric power plants’ areas of influence (Valle del Cauca, Colombia).

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Orchid located in the Calima Hydroelectric Plant’s area of influence (Valle del Cauca, Colombia).

Gongora gratulabunda

Red-crowned woodpecker located in the Calima Hydroelectric Plant’s area of influence (Valle del Cauca, Colombia).

Melanerpes rubricapillus2

Andean cock-of-the-rock located in the Bravo River area, which is in the Calima Hydroelectric Plant’s area of influence (Valle del Cauca, Colombia).

Rupicola peruvianus

Suckers bat. The bats of the family Thyropteridae are small and are characterized by having adhesive discs like suckers at the base of the hind legs and the thumbs of the front legs that they use to hang on the banana leaves. Their ears are funnel shaped. Its fur is long, soft and silky, dark brown above and in the white or pale gray ventral region of a single color.

Thyroptera tricolor

Frailejón in the area of the Roncesvalles Paramo, the Cucuana Hydroelectric Power Plant’s area of influence (Tolima, Colombia).

Frailejón_roncesvalles

The wax palm, Colombia’s national tree, present in the Cucuana Hydroelectric Power Plant’s area of influence (Tolima, Colombia) and habitat of the yellow-eared parrot (Ognorhynchus icterotis).

Palma de cera

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Magdalena River turtle. Species endemic to Colombia that is critically endangered according to the Nature Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, for the Spanish original). It is located in the area of influence of the Prado Hydroelectric Power Plant (Tolima, Colombia).

Podocnemis lewyana 2

Picture taken by WCS Colombia.

This cougar was recently sighted in a protective forest reforested by the Company in the Cucuana Hydroelectric Power Plant’s area of influence (Tolima, Colombia).

Puma_face

Culebra granadilla. Species of non-poisonous snake that feeds mainly on birds and their eggs. The destruction, fragmentation and contamination of the habitat can be its greatest threats. Snake species found in the Riofrío Small Hydroelectric Power Plant’s area of influence (Valle del Cauca, Colombia).

Phrynonax shropshirei

Guanábano de monte (mountain guanabana tree). Species endemic to Antioquia, present in the Porvenir II Hydroelectric Power Plant Project’s area of influence. Celsia is rescuing seeds to cultivate in plant nurseries and for reforesting purposes.

guanabano de monte

Epiphytes in the San Andrés de Cuerquia Hydroelectric Power Plant Project’s area of influence (Antioquia, Colombia). The Company has been rescuing and transferring epiphytes as part of its conservation actions.

Rescate epitifas

marmosa

The robinson's mouse opossum is a marsupial located in the Zona Franca Thermal Power Plant’s area of influence (Barranquilla, Colombia).

The chestnut-winged chachalaca, a bird that is endemic to the Colombian Caribbean, present in the Zona Franca Thermal Power Plant’s area of influence (Barranquilla, Colombia).

Guacharaca del caribe

Oso Andino_

Spectacled bear. Species protected by the Grupo Argos’, National Natural Parks’ (PNN, for the Spanish original) and the WCS’s Conservamos la Vida (We preserve life) program, which is supported by Celsia and Epsa. It has been sighted in the Las Hermosas Paramo and close to the Cucuana Hydroelectric Power Plant (Tolima, Colombia).

jaguar_donate

Jaguar. This is the largest cat in Central and South America. It has been sighted in the Guanacaste Wind Farm’s area of influence (Guanacaste, Costa Rica).

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National Phone Numer

018000 112 115

Transparency Hotline

celsia@lineatransparencia.com

Colombia: 018000123420
Costa Rica: 40001941
Panamá: 008002262591 y (507) 8327907
Honduras: 800 27919131

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